Block printing is a technique for printing on textiles. It involves inking with the desired pigment a wooden block and bring it into firm and even contact with the cloth we want to dye. Printing block are usually made out of teak, less often of metal or linoleum. This techniques is quite complex and involves several printing stages, dyeing, scouring, drying. This process can be repeated up to 12 times depending on the pigments used. To this day, they are still experimenting new patterns and updating old ones, creating an interesting mix of modern and traditional.
Since time immemorial, embroidery has been part of everyday life for indian families. That’s probably the reason why in India there are several different kind of embroidery. The “Zardoki” for example is used to decorate silk, wool or muslin fabrics with silver, golden yarns, beads and stones; the “Kasooti”, where the desired decorations are drafted first with charcoal or with a pencil, to be then filled with colourful yarns, small mirrors, coins and precious stones; or the “Phulkari” which main characteristics is the upside down stitching on a cotton cloth with colourful silk yarns
Tie-dye is a method of partial dyeing applied to fabrics and yarns. It is obtained waterproofing part of the surface so that the color of the dye can not penetrate everywhere. In this way it is possible to obtain patterns and color variations, while the preserved part keeps its original color. In India there are different styles and methods to get the tie-dye: tie the cloth tightly with a string and submerge it in the dye (after drying the string is removed allow the part undyed) or apply wax,resins or gums on the areas to preserve; or treating the fabric with a mordant and put it to boil in a bath of alizarin. The effect of the tie-dye will derive from the chemical reaction of the two compounds.
Hand Screen Printing
Hand Screen Printing is a technique that allows to print, with greater accuracy, large and bright images on any type of fabric. It is an ancient technique, that has evolved over time and is still one of the most common for textile printing. Hand Screen printing is made with just a frame, ink and a stencils. The stencil is the negative of the image you want to print and is in waterproofing material. After mounting the fabric on the frame and placing the stencil, the ink is spread. The operation have to be repeated several times if working with multiple colors. In this case, the fabric must dry completely between one color and the next. The technique of Hand Screen Printing, while being less prone to human error, requires a high level of competence: the craftsman who makes the press must be familiar with the pigments used and the fabric, to be sure of obtaining a good results.